Several research projects focused on diversity and inclusion in business and management are supported by an internal grant program sponsored by the Martin J. Whitman School of Management. As part of the school’s strategic plan, Roadmap to Whitman’s Second Century, the grant program earmarks nearly $500,000 in funding for high-quality research that enhances scholarly impact and reputation. Two of the first three funded projects were submitted by EEE faculty and the results of the studies will be targeted to top management journals.
Resilience and Transition among New Americans
An unprecedented 65.6 million people around the world have been displaced from their homes, among which nearly 22.5 million are refugees. This project studies questions relating to how refugees become part of a new community in the United States after a major crisis event, and how their identification with a new community relates to their subsequent organizing efforts. Specifically, it examines the role of individual differences in community interpretations that result in different kinds of entrepreneurial activities and outcomes. The researchers conducted a qualitative study of 65 refugee entrepreneurs who launched ventures after their transition from conflict-impacted countries (e.g., Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Bosnia, Bhutan, Cuba, Ethiopia, Congo, etc.) into a completely new context in Central New York.
The researchers found a central aspect of organizing involved re-interpreting the new community environment, which influenced the scale, target customer base and trajectory of entrepreneurial organizing activities. These findings carry more significance in light of recent changes in U.S. immigration policy. A better assessment of the economic costs and benefits associated with the relocation of refugees and engagement with the broader community may provide a cogent argument emphasizing the positive externalities associated with the inflow of refugees and their human capital.
The study and its findings are included in a paper targeted at a top management journal.
Center of Excellence in Entrepreneurship and Mental Health
Johan Wiklund (principal investigator), Al Berg, chair and professor of entrepreneurship; Alex McKelvie, professor of entrepreneurship and associate dean of undergraduate and master’s education programs
As part of a plan to establish the Whitman School as a center of excellence within the area of entrepreneurship and mental health, funding for this project has supported several initiatives.
The study is the replication of an international survey of entrepreneurship and mental health. The survey was initially conducted in Australia. It has been replicated in the U.S. with about 1,200 respondents. The survey instrument has also been translated into Spanish and Chinese, and the plan is to extend the study to Singapore and the United Kingdom.
The Whitman School is also offering visiting fellowships to scholars who come to share their expertise via research seminars and interactions with Whitman faculty and Ph.D. students. Among the visitors to date are Roy Thurik from Erasmus University Rotterdam; Isabella Hatak from the University of St. Gallen; and Wei Yu ’18 Ph.D. from the National University of Singapore.
Finally, Johan Wiklund is also organizing the second Entrepreneurship and Mental Health Workshop in spring 2020, co-sponsored with the Stockholm School of Economics and National University Singapore. Work presented at the workshop will be published in a special issue of Journal of Business Research. Over 10 renowned scholars have agreed to take part in the workshop and submit papers to the special issue.
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